|Name of the organization||General information||Relevance to the APRN/DNP||Area of practice|
|Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)||The main goal of the organization is to provide a healthy and safe working environment for citizens by designing the standards and providing training, education, and assistance. The organization has a federal level of authority (Michaels & Wagner, 2020). The organization covers almost all private-sector workers and employers, along with public sector workers and employers in 50 states.||ARPN/DNP graduates can be hired to work for the organization. The OSHA highlights the following organizations to be related to their organization: American Association of Occupational Health Nurses, American Academy of Nurse Practitioners.||OSHA’s protection covers all private sectors of 50 states. However, OSHA does not cover the state and local government agencies, but OSH Act is active for the workers who are working in the state with an OSHA-approved state program.|
|Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)||The organization is aimed to protect American citizens from a variety of health, safety, and security threats. |
Conducting critical science and providing health information is also within the scope of the organization (Ayenew et al., 2021).
|The organization offers various training and programs for graduating students. There are three main career paths offered by the organization, which are executives and scientists, health scientists and public health, as well as medical officers.||The area of practice of the organization includes confronting global diseases via advanced labs and computer analysis, new knowledge on individual healthcare, detection of new diseases, and contribution to public health.|
|U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)||The mission of the FDA is to ensure the safety, efficiency, security of both human and animal drugs, bioproducts, and medical devices, along with the safety of the national food supply, cosmetics, and radiation-emitting products (Downing et al., 2017). |
The level of authority of the organization is federal.
|The organization is not related to APRN / DPN since the FDA career pathways are mostly related to scientific, administrative, executive, and public health areas.||The scope of the organization is the control of the following products: dietaries, bottled water, infant formulas, food additives, drugs, biologics such as vaccines, allergenic products, medical devices, radiating electronic products, cosmetics, veterinary products, tobacco products, etc.|
|U.S Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)||The organization’s mission is to improve the health and general well-being of all citizens of America. It provides efficient health and human services via advancements in medical, public health, and social sciences. The organization is operating at the federal level.||APRN / DPN graduates can find various career paths in the organization. The related potential job positions are nursing assistant, supervisory nurse, a nurse in clinical research, or a lead nurse.||The area of practice of the organization is very broad. HHS has eleven divisions related to health and human services, including FDA, CDC, CMS, etc.|
|The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services||The main goal of the organization is to represent the voices and needs of the population that the organization covers. The organization is a federal agency that is responsible for the administration of major national healthcare programs.||The organization is weakly related to APRN / DPN graduates since most of the employees are administrative workers. However, the Nurse Consultant position is available within the organization.||The scope of the organization’s duties is administering the three main national healthcare programs, including Medicare, Medicaid, and CHIP. The main activities of the organization are collection and analysis of the data, researching and reporting its results, elimination of fraud and abuse within the healthcare system.|
Ayenew, L. G., Hoelscher, M. A., Emshoff, J. G., Kidder, D. P., & Ellis, B. A. (2021). Evaluation of the public health achievements made by projects supported by a federal contract mechanism at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), USA. Evaluation and Program Planning, 101949.
Downing, N. S., Shah, N. D., Aminawung, J. A., Pease, A. M., Zeitoun, J. D., Krumholz, H. M., & Ross, J. S. (2017). Postmarket safety events among novel therapeutics approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration between 2001 and 2010. JAMA, 317(18), 1854-1863.
Michaels, D., & Wagner, G. R. (2020). Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and worker safety during the COVID-19 pandemic. JAMA, 324(14), 1389-1390.