Pharmacology and Pain Management

Pharmacology and Pain Management

Whether used alone or in conjunction with another strategy for pain management, such as interventional pain therapy, pharmacologic therapies attempt to lower the severity and frequency of pain. Aspirin, naproxen (Aleve), and ibuprofen are all nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs) available over the counter. If over-the-counter pain relievers are ineffective, a physician may prescribe a more potent drug (Micallef et al., 2020). A pain management specialist is a physician who evaluates and treats patients suffering from various forms of pain management; professional trains to treat acute pain symptoms like headaches and also chronic pain conditions. Patients are assessed and frequently discharged the same day from a pain clinic.

Chronic opioid usage is linked to central sleep, opioid-induced hyperalgesia, apnea, endocrine dysfunction, opioid use condition, and signs and symptoms of acute poisoning. When administered appropriately, naloxone serves as a comprehensive opioid antagonist, reversing opioid overdose effectively (Micallef et al., 2020).

When the findings of pediatric pain management research are compared to the idea of an adverse event, it becomes evident that poorly managed pain should be seen as a horrific patient outcome and hence a source of concern regarding patient safety. To address the current opioid crisis, health care practitioners must exercise greater caution and aversion to risk while distributing opioids. When used with benzodiazepines or other sedative-hypnotic medicines, provide opioids carefully (Alexander et al., 2019). Chronic benzodiazepine or other sedative-hypnotic drug users should proceed with considerable care when prescribed opioids.

As a medical professional committed to ensuring the safety of patients when using this medication, I examine a patient’s clinical state for changes, check for errors or near misses in the therapy they receive, and educate them on treatment procedures and the inherent weaknesses in some systems, and so on. The pharmacist’s primary task, I believe, is to ensure that prescribed and delivered medications are safe and effective. To confirm that patients can take their medications safely and successfully, I must possess a detailed grasp of administering the medicines. By collaborating with patients and physicians, pharmacy executives can improve patient outcomes and decrease drug errors.


Alexander, S. P., Fabbro, D., Kelly, E., Mathie, A., Peters, J. A., Veale, E. L., & Watts, V. (2019). The concise guide to pharmacology 2019/20: Enzymes. British Journal of Pharmacology, 176, S297-S396. Web.

Micallef, J., Soeiro, T., Jonville-Béra, A. P., & French Society of Pharmacology (2020). Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, pharmacology, and COVID-19 infection. Therapies, 75(4), 355-362. Web.

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