America’s Civil Rights Movement


There was an extensive struggle for the African American civil rights movements, particularly in the American Northern municipalities, which opposed discrimination against employment, education, and housing. Some leaders, including Martin Luther King, engaged in peaceful demonstrations but received brutal force responses from Deep South militants, hindering them from attaining their welfare objectives. The social activists assisted in gaining equality and improving the social conditions of African Americans by embarking on the civil rights movement.

The Success of the Civil Rights Movement

Various factors resulted in the civil rights movement’s success in the United States. They include Southern schools opposing integration, the rise of organizing committees (segregationists in Boston and Cicero), and boycotts (Montgomery bus snubbing) (“Responses”, 2021). However, I select the contributing factor of Southern educational institutions challenging integration as the most significant to the civil rights movement. In 1954, the United States Supreme Court, in the Brown vs. board of education case, ruled that the public schools’ integration was unconstitutional (Brinkley, 2010). The decision marked the civil rights revolution as African American children were not receiving the same education as white ones, resulting in inequality and future unemployment. The demonstrations made the judges rule that black children must receive separate but equal education and services in the Plessy vs. Ferguson case.

In addition, Governor Orval Faubus refused to integrate black students into Central High School, an all-white learning center. Therefore, the civil activists’ efforts and the National Guard deployment to protect African American children’s welfare from segregation were significant as the national government intervened in the civil rights movement’s success (“Responses”, 2021). I chose the factor of Southern schools opposing integration as it created a division among young people, which would have caused discrimination against black students in housing and job opportunities in the future.


Even though civil rights movement activists, such as Martin Luther King, received brutal force from the Deep South leaders, their efforts resulted in equality in employment, housing, and education for African Americans. Nevertheless, the Southern schools opposing integration were significant to the civil rights movement’s success. The supreme court judges started promoting equality in education, and the National Guard intervened to ensure the civil rights campaign’s agenda was attained.


Brinkley, A. (2010). The unfinished nation: A concise history of the American people (6th ed.). Columbia University.

Responses coming from the civil rights movement. (2021). PBS. Web.

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