Family and other forms of violence have become a menace globally, with statistics revealing an increase annually, especially in the United States. The rampant cases continue to affect both men and women worldwide and are variable based on different cultures. Domestic violence manipulates itself through various significant areas such as child abuse, elder abuse, intimate partner abuse, Transgender issues, and sexual abuse in American society. The factors associated with such abuses vary across cultures such as Canadian, Indian, Chinese, and Japanese, as illustrated in the essay below.
Description of Four Major Areas of Domestic Violence in the American Society
Intimate Partner Violence
The current domestic abuse dominant in the U.S could be perpetrated by either current or former partner and may include a range of acts such as stalking, psychological aggression, or sexual intrusion occurrences. Statistics held by the Centre for Disease Control (CDC) estimate that in a lifetime, at least 25% of women and about 12% of men suffer the detrimental effects of violence from their partners (“Domestic violence – StatPearls – NCBI bookshelf,” 2020). Also, CDC identifies the U.S as being rampant for the instances of sexual violence among partners, with estimates of about 10 million individuals falling victims annually.
It is evident that in every family facing domestic violence cases, whether, from partners or other perpetrators, children usually suffer diverse psychological and physical effects and are unable to cope with their everyday life as they mature. Also, there are notable cases of death and fatalities in the United States that arise from child maltreatment and severe neglect of the population. As a result, the U.S remains to suffer significant causes of high infant mortality rates perpetrated to the increasing number of child abuse cases. Such abuses in families accrue due to the violent history of the involved families, socioeconomic extremities, and substance usage by partners (“Domestic violence – StatPearls – NCBI bookshelf,” 2020). With the continuous policies curbing instances of child abuse as a form of violence, the U.S remains a critical problem that must be addressed.
Abuse of the Elderly
Issues regarding violence against and among the elderly remain rarely addressed due to limited information from the U.S databases. However, this type of violence reduces dignity among the involved population, and they may fail to report it due to fear, ignorance, guilt, and shame. For instance, the hospitalized elderly or those suffering from significant illnesses that demand intensive care undergo numerous forms of abuse, which they may fail to report. Clinicians also have poor recognition features of the problem, hence usually fail to address the prominent issues affecting the elders (“Domestic violence and child abuse,” n.d.). Research reveals that about 10% of the American elderly population undergo domestic violence.
In the U.S, cases of abuse of transgender groups are also evident and are among the significant issues being addressed by concerned authorities. Regardless of their physical location, whether at school or home, transgender individuals face diverse violence arising from assault or biasness due to inequality. Various justice groups have been formed in the U.S to help eradicate matters arising from maltreatment of the trans group.
Comparison of the identified problem areas to other cultures
Domestic violence in the Chinese culture experiences similar types to those in the United States. Intimate partner violence arises from disagreements such as dowery disagreements, sexual abuse of females, and buttering of individual family members. About 25% of women in China are reported survivors of sexual abuse (Douglas, 2021). Child abuse in China has received academic and government attention due to the slight awareness of the issue. Chinese society presumes that child abuse is a western culture; hence they have limited approaches to curbing it instead of the U.S. The high population in China has led to increased abuses against the elderly in line with essential services such as healthcare and access to resources. Finally, cases of transgender abuse in Chinese culture arise from the forced into conversion therapies. Also, trans teens in China face discrimination and other forms of abuse, such as bullying by mates.
In Canada, intimate partner-oriented violence form accounts for the highest percentage, as opposed to the United States, which faces more child abuse and elderly abuse. However, child and youth abuse is increasing, as reported by the police, especially with the onset of coronavirus disease. Just like in the U.S, the major causes of domestic violence, such as financial crises and constraints, and physical and sexual assault, are also evident in Canada. In Canada, many police-reported incidents arise from domestic violence cases that affect varying population groups (Douglas, 2021). In essence, intimate partner violence has become a significant public health issue affecting individuals and communities across Canada. For transgender issues, Canada is not an exception. Transgender Canadians face numerous cases of disproportionate violence daily.
Japanese culture presents a different perspective of domestic violence from that of the U.S. they perceive domestic violence to be caused by children against their parents. Therefore, the Japanese culture adopts a unidirectional approach to explaining the different forms of domestic violence (Martin, 2016). According to the culture, child abuse seems unrecognized because children are viewed as the core perpetrators of violence. Sexual violence is also evident and notably evident through molestation. The case of the Japanese remains controversial and highly variant from that of the U.S. since the latter is universal in identifying and addressing domestic violence issues. Transgender and intimate partner violence remain notable forms of violence in Japan. Also, in Japan, abuse of the elderly arises from the family members and the nursing caregivers as opposed to in the U.S, where the elderly face inequitable distribution of services and resources.
Domestic violence is a significant menace facing the culture despite the existing diversity and differences in language, color, age, and other factors. India and U.S share a common ground in terms of the factors that cause domestic violence dominance. In India, inadequate or lack of financial and social support for partners is the foremost perpetrator of violence. Statistics also reveal that India is associated with rampant discrimination cases, which lead to increased intimate partner violence, childhood abuse, and abuse of the elderly (Martin, 2016). A culture based on aggressiveness due to the differences in background, language, capabilities, sex, and other aspects will be prone to conflicts and unending violence. Also, in India, many forms of domestic violence arise from the perceived inequality between men and women in articulating various home duties. When partners constantly engage in conflicts, children stand to suffer a high level of abuse and maltreatment.
Domestic violence – StatPearls – NCBI bookshelf. (2020). Web.
Domestic Violence and Child Abuse. (n.d.). Web.
Douglas, H. (2021). Policing intimate partner violence. Women, Intimate Partner Violence, and the Law, 120-149. Web.
Martin, L. (2016). Debates of difference: “Male victims of domestic violence and abuse.” Domestic Violence, 181-201. Web.